Ubume bentonga yombane

Iintonga yombaneyenziwe ngamacandelo amathathu: isixhobo sokuphelisa umoya, i-conductor esezantsi kunye nomzimba osezantsi.Isixhobo sokuphelisa umoya ngokuqhelekileyo senziwe ngentsimbi ejikelezayo okanye ipayipi yensimbi kunye nobubanzi be-15 ukuya kwi-20 mm kunye nobude be-1 ukuya kwi-2 m.Kwimozulu yokuduma kwezulu, xa amafu anamandla avela esibhakabhakeni sezakhiwo eziphakamileyo, ixabiso elikhulu lombane libangelwa kwintonga yombane kunye nephezulu yesakhiwo esiphakamileyo.Ngenxa yokuba incam yentonga yombane ibonakaliswe, incam ye-conductor isoloko iqokelela eyona ntlawulo yombane ngexesha lokungeniswa kwe-electrostatic.Ngaloo ndlela, intonga yombane iqokelela uninzi lwentlawulo.Intonga yombane yenza i-capacitor ngala mafu ahlawulisiweyo, kuba ibukhali, oko kukuthi, indawo ejongene nezibonda ezimbini ze-capacitor incinci kakhulu, kwaye i-capacitance incinci kakhulu, ngamanye amagama, inokubamba intlawulo encinci kakhulu.Kwaye iqokelela uninzi lwentlawulo, ngoko ke xa kukho iintlawulo ezingaphezulu kwingqimba yelifu, irhasi phakathi kwentonga yombane kunye nomgangatho welifu iqhekeka ngokulula kwaye ibe ngumqhubi.Ngaloo ndlela, umaleko welifu elivuthayo kunye nentonga yombane yenza ijelo, kunye nentonga yombane ibekwe phantsi.Intonga yombane inokukhokela intlawulo kwi-cloud layer emhlabeni, ukuze ingabi yingozi kwisakhiwo esinemigangatho emininzi kwaye iqinisekise ukhuseleko lwaso.Ilifu elihlawulweyo kuqala lisebenza ukusuka phezulu ukuya ezantsi.Xa intonga yombane ifakwe kwindawo ephakamileyo, umbane phakathi kwamafu uya kuthuthwa kuqala, kwaye ke xa indlu ichukumisa ilifu, akukho nto okanye umbane omncinci kwaye akukho ngozi..Iintambo zombane kunye neengcingo zombane zisetyenziselwa ukukhusela ekubetheni umbane othe ngqo.Iintonga zombane kunye nezibhengezo zombane ngokwenene ziseti yabaqhubi bombane, ezinokukhokelela ekubetheni kombane kubo kwaye zivuze emhlabeni, ngaloo ndlela zikhusela ezinye izixhobo ekubetheni kombane.Imibane idla ngokusetyenziswa ukugcina izixhobo kwizikhululo zombane nakwizikhululo ezincinci.Izibhengezo zombane zisetyenziselwa ikakhulu ukugcina iintambo zombane, kwaye zingasetyenziselwa ukugcina izixhobo kwizikhululo zamandla kunye nezikhululo ezincinci.Intonga yombane iqulethwe ngamacandelo amathathu: isixhobo sokuphelisa umoya, isikhokelo esisezantsi kunye nomzimba osezantsi.(1) Ukupheliswa koMoya.I-receptor yombane ifumaneka ekupheleni kwentonga yombane.Kufuneka ibe phezulu kunezixhobo eziza kukhuselwa.Umphezulu we-tapered kwaye uyinxalenye enkulu yentonga yombane.Isixhobo sokuphelisa umoya ngokuqhelekileyo senziwe ngentsimbi ejikelezileyo ejikelezileyo okanye umbhobho we-galvanized kunye nobude be-1-2m.(2) Yigalele phantsi ilothe.I-conductor yokumisa phantsi yintambo yokudibanisa phakathi kwesixhobo sokuphelisa umoya kunye nomzimba osezantsi.Isetyenziselwa ukwazisa ngokukhuselekileyo umbane wangoku kwisixhobo sokuphelisa umoya kumzimba osezantsi.Ngokuqhelekileyo yenziwe ngentsimbi engqukuva eyigalvanized enobubanzi obungekho ngaphantsi kwe-8mm okanye umsonto wentsimbi owenziwe ngamagalvanized kunye necandelo elinqamlezayo elingekho ngaphantsi kwe-35mm².Inokuthi yenziwe ngentsimbi ecwecwe kunye nobunzima obungekho ngaphantsi kwe-4mm kunye nobubanzi obupheleleyo obungekho ngaphantsi kwe-12mm.Izakhiwo zekhonkrithi nazo zingasetyenziswa.Intsimbi yentsimbi kwipali yenqaba okanye inqaba yensimbi ngokwayo isetyenziswe njengomqhubi ophantsi.(3) Umzimba womhlaba.Umzimba osisiseko yinxalenye yesiphelo esisezantsi sentonga yombane, liqela labaqhubi ababekwe phantsi.Umsebenzi wayo kukunciphisa ukuchasana phakathi kwentonga yombane kunye nomhlaba ukunciphisa i-amplitude yombane wempembelelo yombane.Umzimba ophantsi ngokuqhelekileyo uqhutyelwa kwindawo ekusingwa kuyo ngobuninzi bentsimbi yentsimbi, intsimbi eyisicaba okanye imibhobho yentsimbi ejikelezayo, kunye nokumelana nomgangatho womzimba osezantsi akunakudlula ixabiso elichaziweyo.


Ixesha lokuposa: Jul-09-2022